What A Person Should Know About Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma is a common form of skin cancer. The good news is that it is rarely fatal. However, it is a malignant cancer nonetheless, as it causes significant cell/tissue destruction and/or disfigurement. This form of cancer is commonly found on a person’s neck and face, although it can also be found on the torso.

Causes

The main cause of basal cell carcinoma is exposure to the sun. People over 40 years of age are particularly susceptible to this form of cancer, although young people can get it as well. Medical experts have noted individuals who get sunburned easily are more likely to get this form of cancer than people who have dark skin and/or hair.

This form of cancer can also be hereditary. If a person has one or more close relatives who have had skin cancer, then he or she is likely to get skin cancer as well.

Symptoms

It is important to be on the lookout for symptoms of this form of cancer. A person who has this type of cancer may have a spot on his or her flesh that is pearly, waxy, light or brown in appearance. Sometimes an old acne scar, scab or spot of eczema can be mistaken for skin cancer, as can non-cancerous moles. However, a sore that has become cancerous will not heal naturally and in fact may start to grow in size. This also applies to moles and other skin growths that may at first appear to be harmless.

A person who has an unusual skin growth should have it checked out right away. Medical professionals will do a skin biopsy and perform other tests to determine whether or not the growth is cancerous. The sooner the cancer is treated, the easier it is to cure and the less chance there is of having to deal with permanent disfigurement on a visible part of the body.

As was noted above, basal cell carcinoma is not fatal and it can be cured. Some treatment options for those who have this form of cancer include surgical excision, radiation and chemotherapy. However, it is important to catch this cancer early, before it causes extensive damage. Avoiding prolonged exposure to direct sunlight is wise, as it wearing sunscreen throughout the hot summer months. Furthermore, odd moles, scabs and dry patches of skin should be checked by a professional as soon as possible, as these could be symptoms of this or another form of skin cancer.

Methotrexate Ectopic Side Effects

Methotrexate is given to people with autoimmune diseases, for it works directly on inhibiting the growth of certain cells and also keeps the immune system in check. The drug specializes in targeting the production of cells that grow and spread quickly, such as cancer cells and those that appear on the placenta during conception. This makes Methotrexate a very dangerous drug, for it can kill embryonic and fetal cells. It also makes the drug an effective treatment for getting rid of an ectopic pregnancy.

Methotrexate was first created for the purpose of treating cancer, and nowadays it is used for several types of cancer including breast cancer and leukemia as well as other autoimmune diseases, especially rheumatoid arthritis. Methotrexate is prescribed only when the patient understands the full effects of the medicine especially in the area of reproduction, for the drug can cause severe birth defects or fetal death. An ectopic pregnancy is when the embryo implants itself on an area other than the uterus, such as the fallopian tube, and this can risk the life of the mother or at least damage the uterus or tubes in such a way that future ovulation or conception will be compromised. A Methotrexate injection or more are commonly used to end cases of ectopic pregnancies. The Methotrexate can essentially fight off the growing embryonic cells. The patient will need to get regular tests of HCG to monitor the presence of the fetus, and a drop of the HCG hormone will mean that the ectopic pregnancy has been successfully terminated.

It’s only rarely that an ectopic pregnancy can be carried full term without harming both the mother and the baby, and doctors will generally advise to have the pregnancy terminated as soon as possible, for the longer an ectopic pregnancy is borne, the more difficult it can be to properly end and the more serious the effects on the mother’s body can get. And if the patient starts taking Methotrexate while unknowingly pregnant, a miscarriage can be an unfortunate side effect of the drug. Methotrexate will need to be paired with an effective birth control method, one that does not cause side effects or interact with the drug, for Methotrexate is can also react negatively with other medications. The Coumadin side effects of hemorrhaging as well as harming an unborn baby can be magnified with Methotrexate, so the drug should only be taken with a doctor’s permission, and dosages, schedules and advise for birth control observed faithfully to prevent any complications resulting with a pregnancy.